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Shark Info 2 / 02   (07-20-2002)

Author

  Intro:

Modern technology aids shark protection

Shark Info

  Main article:

Modern technology aids white shark protection

Shark Info

  Article 1:

The role of CITES in protecting and managing sharks

Shark Info

  Article 2:

Shark Exhibit in Zurich

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  Article 3:

Sharks in Research and Industry

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  Article 4:

Dr. Erich Ritter's accident with a bull shark

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  Fact Sheet:

Salmon Shark

Shark Info


Fact Sheet: Salmon Shark

Salmon shark

The salmon shark Lamna ditropis.

© Dietmar Weber / Shark Foundation

German: Lachshai
English: Salmon shark, Pacific porbeagle
French: Requin-taupe saumon
Spanish: Marrajo salmon

The biology of the salmon shark (Lamna ditropis)

The biology of the salmon shark (Lamna ditropis) The salmon shark is a commonly found species which can live both in coastal and oceanic regions, preferring cool, northern waters. Like several other species from the Lamnidae family, they can maintain their body temperature with the help of a vascular net (rete mirabilis) which maintains the water temperature around their bodies. They swim both underneath the water's surface and in depths of up to 150 meters. This species is found solitary or in schools and aggregate when feeding.

Description

The salmon shark has a spinal-shaped, lightly bulbous body with conspicuously large gill slits and a conical snout. The first dorsal fin is very high and erect, originating just over or slightly behind the pectoral insertions. Their second dorsal fin is minute and begins just about over the beginning of the anal fin. They have strong keels on the caudal peduncle, with a secondary keel on the caudal base, and a crescent-shaped dorsal fin.

Coloration

The salmon shark has a dark gray back and a white belly. The coloring changes on the sides and is marked by dark spots and blotches. The first dorsal fin is dark up to its free rear tip.

Distribution

Salmon sharks are found in the northern and eastern Pacific around Japan and Korea. Their range stretches from the Bering Strait to southern California, and they may even venture to Baja California and Mexico.

Salmon frequently gather at the mouth of a river before swimming upstream to spawn. This periodical accumulation of salmon regularly attracts larger numbers of salmon sharks into regions of North America.

Size

Their average size is between 250 and 280 cm long, with a maximum size of about 300 cm.

Feeding

As their name implies, salmon shark prefer to feed on Pacific salmon (from the Oncorhynchus family), but their diet also includes other bony fish.

Reproduction

The salmon shark reproduces aplacental viviparously (ovoviviparous). Cannibalism in the uterus is common with this species, i.e. the embryos in the uterus eat the less developed eggs. Generally salmon shark bear up to four pups per litter. Males mature when reaching a length of approximately 180 to 240 cm.

Similar Species

Salmon sharks could be mistaken for mackerel sharks (Lamna nasus), however, clear identification is possible by comparing the free ends of their first dorsal fins. With the salmon shark it is just as dark as the dorsal fin, with mackerel sharks it is white and shows a clear dividing line.

Danger to Humans

As with other species from the Lamnidae family, salmon sharks could be potentially dangerous due to their size.

Endangerment

It is not certain as to what extent the salmon shark must be considered an endangered species. However, their populations could be threatened because they are fished by Japanese longline fishermen in the northern Pacific.

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last change: 12-06-2009 12:52 / go